Monday, August 17, 2015

The EU serves a double whammy to Greece

The EU serves a double whammy to Greece
Nicholas Fourikis

Abstract. The austerity measures imposed on Greece by the European bankers increased unemployment in Greece to such an extent, it led many Greek professionals to migrate to other EU countries, and Greek businesses to Bulgaria. This double whammy effectively cripples the Greek economy. Greece’s tragedy is further intensified because only few EU members care about Greece’s fate. A case is therefore made for Greece to exit the ‘EU paradise’. As Greece has several allies outside the EU derived from its history and its geopolitical position, Greece’s exit will not be economically traumatic.      

Northern European banks lent excessive amounts of money to Portugal, Italy, Ireland, Greece, and Spain, the group that is euphemistically abbreviated as PIIGS.  As the governments of the PIIGS countries could not service their excessive loans, the banks imposed strict austerity measures on the citizens of the PIIGS countries.
While the bankers continue to support austerity measures, Paul Krugman1, the 2008 Nobel laureate for Economics, argued that prosperity through pain is a fantasy. And Noam Chomsky2 declared that austerity is just class war.
            The austerity measures imposed on Greece led many Greeks to migrate to Northern European countries to escape the miseries resulting from sky high unemployment3&4. Over 200,000 Greeks left the country since the financial crisis began in 20103 and many4 of the 200,000 Greeks who left Greece for Germany and Britain were university graduates. Overall 10% of the total university educated workforce migrated. That portion of university graduates represents the best graduates in Greece. Furthermore an estimated 35,000 medical doctors are believed to have left Greece5. Assuming that it takes doctors 6-8 years of study to complete a medical degree that is a humongous loss of human capital!
In a parallel development, 11,000 Greek businesses moved to Bulgaria, the poorest member of the EU6.While many commentators focus their attention on money matters, the issues related to the human capital leaving Greece are just as important.  
How could Greece improve its world competitiveness and repay its loan if it loses its human capital, year after year while the austerity measures are in place?
The European Union is supposed to be a union of European countries and yet Greece seems to be isolated from the rest of the EU members7.
In a recent development the EU is about to introduce more stringent austerity measures on Greece even though 61% of the Greek people voted against the existing austerity measures.
“Secret documents show creditors’ baseline estimate puts debt at 118% of GDP in 2030, even if it ( Greece) signs up to all tax and spending reforms demanded by troika8”. In less technical language Greece would face an unsustainable level of debt by 2030 even if it signs up to the full package of tax and spending reforms demanded of it, according to unpublished documents compiled by its three main creditors.          
Strauss-Kahn offers us a broader picture of an ideal EU as an organization9:
“In counting our billions instead of using them to build, in refusing to accept an albeit obvious loss by constantly postponing any commitment on reducing the debt, in preferring to humiliate a people because they are unable to reform, and putting resentments – however justified – before projects for the future, we are turning our backs on what Europe should be, we are turning our backs on Habermas’* citizen solidarity. We are expending all our energies on infighting and running the risk of triggering a break-up. This is where we are. A eurozone, in which you, my German friends, would lay down your law with a few Baltic and Nordic states in tow, is unacceptable for all the rest.
*  Jürgen Habermas German philosopher/ sociologist 
The EU as an organization can change but it will take a long time for any changes to take place. The pious hope is that if few PIIGS countries prosper after departing from the ‘EU family’, the changes that Straus-Levy sketched will be adopted sooner. 
Can Greece afford to lose its human capital year after year over the next ten, twenty, or thirty years? If not, what are the prospects for Greece if it leaves the EU?  In that event Greece would need to import the items shown in Table 110 .  
Table 1 – Typical Imports to Greece10
Oil [$21.5 billion]
Pharmaceuticals [$3.5 billion]
Machines, engines, pumps [$3.4 billion]
Electronic equipment [$2.8 billion]
Ships, boats [$2.5 billion]
Vehicles [$2.6 billion]
Plastics [$2.6 billion]
Meat [$1.3 billion]
Dairy, eggs and honey [$1.1 billion]
Iron, steel [$1.1billion]

          With Greece out of the EU several scenarios are possible. Closer Greek- Russia relations11 must come on top of the list because of the existing cultural links between the two countries. While Russia cannot afford to lend money to Greece it can offer energy – oil /gas - to Greece. More creatively one could propose that Russia could gain access to a Greek Mediterranean port, in exchange for commercial benefits for Greece.
Would Europe and the US accept such a move? That is doubtful from the strategic point of view. Can Greece use the close Greek-Russian relations to gain a better deal while it remains in the EU? Of course it can but there is no evidence that the newly elected Greek government used such a ploy during their negotiations with the EU.   
          Turkey and Greece developed close links after the Izmit earthquakes12 – August 17 and 22, 1999 - when Greek rescue teams rushed to the scene to help Turkey manage the disaster. Less than a month after the Turkish disaster, on September 7, 1999, at 2:56 pm local time, it was Athens' turn to be hit by a powerful, magnitude 5.9 earthquake. This was the most devastating and costly natural disaster to hit the country in 20 years12, and Turkish teams came over to Greece to help.
          The deep friendship forged between Greece and Turkey is reflected in recent times by the many offers of help Turkey extended to Greece13&14.
          In the past the Greeks of diaspora15 – 7 million Greeks residing in the Americas, Africa, Australia and Asia - helped Greece get over the devastations created by natural disasters e. g. earthquakes, floods and forest fires. Their help was partly material but the Greeks of diaspora often supported Greek interests in various world forums.
“Diaspora Greeks have proved time and again that they love Greece more than its inhabitants, they are anxious about its fate, and are ready to help16.
          Assuming that Greece exits the EU and prospers, other PIIGS countries will follow and the resulting negative publicity will be substantial. It is not hard to imagine the following newspaper headlines:
Germany introduces harsher austerity measures in Greece after
61% of Greeks voted against the existing austerity measures.

Germany puts the boot in . . .
Considering all these factors, the EU managers might decide to offer substantial “loan haircuts” to the PIIGS countries or better still abolish the payments of all loans so that the PIIGS countries would have enough capital to introduce and adopt world competitive practices.
“Germany has shown no common sense regarding the European economy, nor compassion,” Stiglitz, a Nobel prize winner in economics, stressed, disapproving the measures imposed to Greece by European forces, and suggested a “brave” haircut to the Greek debt. 
Concluding Remarks
All indications point to a grim economic future if Greece remains in the ‘EU family’. A case is therefore made for Greece to exit the ‘EU paradise’. As Greece has several allies outside the EU derived from its history and its geopolitical position, Greece’s exit will not be economically traumatic.
Considering all these factors, the EU managers might decide to offer substantial “loan haircuts” to the PIIGS countries or better still abolish the payments of all loans so that the PIIGS countries would have enough capital to introduce and adopt world competitive practices. 
          The EU has to adopt the vision that Strauss-Kahn outlined to survive in the twenty first century for Germany’s stewardship so far has alienated many member countries.
          The newly elected Greek government did not use its close relations with Russia to derive better outcomes while the country is still a member of the EU community. Similarly the close links between Greece and the Greeks of diaspora were not used as leverage to derive useful outcomes for the Greeks residing in Greece.          
[1]  P. Krugman. “Right now we need expansion.” Der Spiegel interview. 23 May 2012.
[2] Noam Chomsky. “Austerity is just class war.” Alternet, July 2, 2015
[3] Kimberley DeRose. “Young Greeks flee abroad as crisis deepens.” CYFI Youth Newsletter, July 2. 2015.
[4] Christina Lamb. “Unemployment forces young into their own personal Gexit.” The Australian Newspaper, July 20, 2015.

[5] Helena Smith. The Guardian. 20 Jan 2015. “Young, gifted and Greek: Generation G – the... 24, 2015.

[7 ] Heidi Moore.With friends like the European Union, does Greece...

[8] Albero Nardelli. “IMF: austerity measures would still leave Greece with unsustainable debt. “The Guardian”. 1 July 2015.

[12] Greek– Turkish earthquake diplomacy - Wikipedia,...
[13] ekathimerini, News, 30/06/2015 “Turkey says 'ready to help' Greece out of... 2015

[14] Tyler Durden. “NATO member Turkey Breaks ranks : Slams EU Austerity, Offers Greek Aid.” 06/30/2015.

[15] Greek diaspora - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

[16] Tom Ellis. 12/05/2015 “Engaging the Greek diaspora | Comment”

[17] Katerina Papathanasiou. “Nobel prize winning economist Stiglitz meets with Greek government officials.” ECOS Jul 12, 2015.

Sunday, September 14, 2014

The israelis mow the grass in Gaza;again

The Israelis mow the grass in Gaza; again.
Nicholas Fourikis PhD

“Israel must actively defend all its borders by itself, including the security envelope in the Jordan Valley and West Bank. And, Israel will act to mow the grass as frequently as necessary to degrade enemy military capabilities and keep Israel’s rivals off-balance.”
Benjamin Netanyahu.The Jerusalem Post, 13 Aug 2014

Military cemeteries in every corner of the world are silent testimony to the failure of national leaders to sanctify human life.
Yitzhak Rabin, 1994 Nobel Peace Prize lecture

1 - Introduction

Yitzhak Rabin played a leading role in the signing of the Oslo Accords, which created the Palestinian National Authority and granted it partial control over parts of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. Prior to the signing of the accords, Rabin received a letter from PLO (Palestinian Liberation Organization) chairman Yassir Arafat renouncing violence and officially recognising Israel, and on the same day, 9 September 1993, Rabin sent Arafat a letter officially recognising the PLO.
            After the historical handshake with Yassir Arafat, at the South Lawn of the White House on September 13, 1993, Rabin said on behalf of the Israeli people, "We who have fought against you, the Palestinians, we say to you today, in a loud and a clear voice, enough of blood and tears ... enough!1a"
Rabin’s words resonated with the nations of the world who witnessed several wars between the Israelis and the Palestinians
In 1994, Israel granted the right of self-governance to Gaza through the Palestinian Authority; and Yitzhak Rabin, Yasir Arafat and Shimon Peres received the Nobel Prize for Peace.           
            In accepting the Nobel Prize, Rabin declared, “military cemeteries in every corner of the world are silent testimony to the failure of national leaders to sanctify human life1a.”
The Accords however greatly divided the Israeli society, with some seeing Rabin as a hero for advancing the cause of peace and some seeing him as a traitor for giving away land they viewed as rightfully belonging to Israel.
And on the evening of 4 November 1995, Rabin was assassinated by Yigal Amir, a radical right-wing Orthodox Jew who opposed the signing of the Oslo Accords.
          From that fateful moment, the dream of a two state solution in Palestine steadily receded and on the 8th of July 2014, the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) launched Operation Protective Edge in the Gaza Strip1 – also known as the largest open air prison where the Israelis and the Egyptians are the prison-wardens.
And five days later, the Israeli military reported that more than 1,300 Israeli airstrikes had taken place on Gaza, while more than 800 rockets had been fired from Gaza into Israel1
Here is a preliminary account of the casualties and of the destruction caused by airplane / tank raids during the 2014 incursion1 at the time of writing – Mid August 2014; as the incursion continues, the number of casualties given here should be considered as minimal.
1,904 Palestinians are killed.
{73% civilians (35% women and children)}
9,800 Palestinians injured.    
     520,000 Palestinians are displaced.
      10,800 homes are totally destroyed or severely damaged.
      33,100 homes are damaged but are still inhabitable.
26 health facilities are damaged.
1.5 million Gazans have limited or no access to water supplies. 

On the Israeli side the losses are:

64 soldiers and 2 civilians killed.

Regrettably we are destined to witness casualties and destruction caused by this incursion into Gaza comparable to the casualties and destructions caused by the First and Second Intifada – uprising / resistance / rebellion – that took place during the period (1987-1991) and (2000- 2005) respectively.
The reasons for the latest incursion into Gaza and the previous incursions vary but we are indebted to Benjamin Netanyahu, Israel’s current PM, for sharing with the world his vision of recent Middle-East developments and the real reason for the three incursions into Gaza. Moreover he gave the world every indication that future incursions are on the cards.
“Israel’s protracted conflict with Hamas in Gaza, the feebleness and fecklessness of the Palestinian Authority in the West Bank,” Netanyahu stated2, “and the gains made by radical Islamists in Arab civil wars raging across the region call for a reassessment of Israel’s strategic posture.”
And he continued:
“For the past two decades, Israeli policy has been based on the twin pillars of pretentious Peres-ian optimism: that a ‘New Middle East’ was dawning based on peaceful economic cooperation, and that the establishment of a full-fledged Palestinian state alongside Israel would guarantee security for Israel. Both conceptions have collapsed. They were illusions2.”
          On the reasons for the frequent incursions into Gaza, Netanyahu was candid.
Israel must actively defend all its borders by itself, including the security envelope in the Jordan Valley and West Bank. And, Israel will act to mow the grass as frequently as necessary to degrade enemy military capabilities and keep Israel’s rivals off-balance2.”
And just in case any reader missed the Israeli government intent the journalist, D.M. Weinberg, iterated2.
          “To be forthright, Israel should make it clear that such offensives will have to be repeated again and again. Keeping the enemy off balance and reducing its capabilities (“mowing the grass”) requires the intermittent use of force. Israel is not looking for a diplomatic solution with Hamas; it is waging a war of attrition.”
        From the foregoing declarations of intent, it is clear the “new Israeli strategic posture” is not new and that Israel espoused the same strategic posture since 1994 when it granted the Gaza Strip the right of self-government. I.e. the IDF killed Palestinian civilians as well as combatants indiscriminately and demolished considerable infrastructures during the two intifadas and during the current incursion. Regrettably that is the meaning of “mowing the grass.”
          Parallel to the armed confrontations between Israel and the Palestinians the combatants engage in PR wars for the hearts and minds of the international community, with particular focus on the American public. We shall briefly review the PR wars in section 4.   
2 – The social landscape of the Israeli- Palestinian conflict

Away from the armed Israeli-Palestinian conflict it is important to delineate the prevailing social landscape in the region. Here we are indebted to the Palestinian depicted in Picture1 who brilliantly summarized the feelings of a typical Palestinian living in the occupied territories2a.

Picture 1- A succinct summary of the Palestinian plight 2a

And Prof Noam Chomsky offered us a complementary description of Israel’s recurring attacks on the Palestinians in Gaza2b.

As the Gaza strip is the largest open air prison in the world Mouin Rabbani, reports another dimension of Israeli cruelty3.
In 2006 Weissglass was just as frank about Israel’s policy towards Gaza’s 1.8 million inhabitants3. ‘The idea is to put the Palestinians on a diet, but not to make them die of hunger.’ He was not speaking metaphorically: it later emerged that the Israeli defence ministry had conducted detailed research on how to translate his vision into reality, and arrived at a figure of 2279 calories per person per day – some 8 per cent less than a previous calculation because the research team had originally neglected to account for ‘culture and experience’ in determining nutritional ‘red lines’3.”
        Dr Kevin Barrett4 shared with the world several glimpses into Israel’s social fabric.
(i)                Every time Israel embarks on a new round of wholesale slaughter in Gaza, polls show that more than 90% of Israelis support the butchery.
(ii)             When the IDF starts dropping cluster bombs, white phosphorous, DIME (Dense Inert Metal Explosive) munitions and other horrendous weapons on Gaza, crowds of Israelis pack the hilltops to barbecue meat, drink alcohol and cheer as they watch Palestinian children being blown to bits.
(iii)           According to Israeli blogger Elizabeth Tsurkov, the mobs’ favorite chant is: ‘Tomorrow there is no school in Gaza, they don’t have any children left.’
(iv)           While they enjoy slaughtering children and their mothers, Israelis take special relish in killing pregnant women. A T-shirt popular in the Israeli army shows a pregnant woman with a target on her belly. The legend reads: ‘One shot two kills.’
(v)             Killing children is the de facto official policy of the Israeli military. In his article “Gaza Diary”, Chris Hedges wrote about Israeli soldiers who hunt Palestinian children for sport:
“Yesterday at this spot the Israelis shot eight young men, six of whom were under the age of eighteen. One was twelve. This afternoon they kill an eleven-year-old boy, Ali Murad, and seriously wound four more, three of whom are under eighteen. Children have been shot in other conflicts I have covered—death squads gunned them down in El Salvador and Guatemala, mothers with infants were lined up and massacred in Algeria, and Serb snipers put children in their sights and watched them crumple onto the pavement in Sarajevo—but I have never before watched soldiers entice children like mice into a trap and murder them for sport.”
(vi)           In his book Goliath, Max Blumenthal – a young Jewish American from an influential family discusses the wildly popular Israeli best-seller Torat Ha’Melech, which advocates the wholesale murder of non-Jews.
Torat Ha’Melech is not a marginalized radical screed; on the contrary, it is an authoritative guide for Israel soldiers. And its authors are two of Israel’s leading Rabbis, Yitzhak Shapira and Yosef Elitzur.

Picture 2 - Palestinians mourn for a relative in the

morgue of the Shifa hospital in Gaza City on July 12, 2014.

In considering what can be done by the international community, Dr Barrett puts forward the following proposals4. “The international community needs to completely ostracize Israel, indict its leaders for war crimes, and use the combined diplomatic and military force of the world’s nations to peacefully dismantle the genocidal Zionist entity. But that cannot happen until the Zionists’ death-grip on the West’s media, finance and politics is broken once and for all.”

3 -World Reaction to Israel’s mowing of grass Policy.
World reaction to the Gaza incursion and to Israel’s policy of “mowing the grass” was swift and negative in the International Press and the Internet. Israel’s supporters however tried hard to limit the damage to Israel’s standing.
Tayyip Erdogan the PM of Turkey stated, “Israel surpasses Hitler in Barbarism5.”  And at a political rally in the Black Sea city of Ordu, Erdogan told supporters.
"(Israelis) have no conscience, no honour, no pride. Those who condemn Hitler day and night have surpassed Hitler in barbarism5."  He also accused the United States of defending Israel's "disproportionate" tactics, and bemoaned the failure of the Muslim world to take a stronger stance5.
The Brazilian President Dilma Rouseff told the Folha de S. Paulo  newspaper6 “I think what’s happening in the Gaza Strip is dangerous. I don’t think it’s genocide, but I think it’s a massacre.”
Representatives of Chile, currently a member of the U.N. Security Council, stated that the Israeli government6 “does not respect the fundamental norms of international humanitarian law.”
Uruguayan President José Mujica condemned the attacks in a weekly radio show6. “The loss of perspective in the response is undermining Israel’s prestige and, I think, sullies the marvellous history of the Jewish people. Hatred and revenge do not work to build civilization,” he said.
Bolivia’s Evo Morales went further, saying6, “Israel does not guarantee the principle of respect for life and the basic right to live in harmony and peace in the international community,” adding that “Israel was passing onto the list of terrorist states.”
Lastly, at a recent meeting the regional bloc Mercosur issued a statement condemning6 “the disproportionate use of force on the part of the Israeli armed forces in the Gaza Strip, force which has almost exclusively affected civilians, including many women and children, while criticizing Hamas attacks on Israeli civilians.” Mercosur urged “an immediate lifting of the blockade that is affecting the Gaza population, so that the free movement of people, food, medicine and humanitarian aid can flow freely in and out, both by land and sea and an immediate and durable cease-fire.”
On the 30th of July 2014 the “U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon7 directly accused Israel of shelling a U.N.-protected shelter housing more than 3,000 Palestinians in Gaza as part of what he said was an "outrageous" and "unjustifiable" strike that left at least 16 civilians dead and lent urgency to the need for an "immediate, unconditional cease-fire.
Rihanna has come under fire for writing “#FreePalestine” on her Twitter account before deleting the post eight minutes later8. Her post published on Tuesday morning, was retweeted 7,000 times in this short space of time, according to NY MAG. She faced an explosive reaction from her followers, who questioned her decision to publicly support Palestinians in the Gaza Strip conflict.
Zayn Malik of the British boy band One Direction was the latest bold-face name to voice his concern when he posted “#FreePalestine” on his Twitter account Sunday. His message had been retweeted 230,000 times, and favourited almost as often, among his 13 million followers worldwide9.
 Dance-pop songstress Selena Gomez caused a stir with an image on her Instagram account that began: “It’s About Humanity. Pray for Gaza.” Her post generated 654,000 likes — but got the racy gossip website asking if the 21-year-old was “pro-humanity or pro-Hamas ...9
“Omri Casspi9, one of Israel’s supporters, the first National Basketball Association (NBA) player born in Israel, put his feelings in capital letters.
‘600 missiles been fired from GAZA by Hamas in the last 4 days. NUMBERS DONT LIE. STOP LYING (sic),’ he tweeted in a July 13 tweet that is still in place.
          The issue of how destructive the Qassam rockets used by the Palestinians arise naturally. Does a Qassam rocket have the destructive power of a V2 for instance? Hardly, as the following parameters indicate:

Range and weight of the V2 rocket10                             320 km and 12,500 kg 
Range and weight of the Qassam (1/3) rockets11            12 / 16km and 35/50 kg

            Any loss of life is regrettable but the destructive power of the Qassam rocket is relatively small; more precisely Palestinian rockets, which include the Qassam, alongside others such as the Grad rocket, have been used to kill 22 Israeli citizens and one Thai national during the period between the year 2000 and January 9, 200911.               

CNN has pulled the reporter, Diana Magnay, out of her post covering the Israeli-Palestinian conflict after she tweeted that Israelis who cheered every time bombs exploded in Gaza, were “scum”12. Moreover they threatened her, she alleged.
The reporter eventually deleted the tweet, but not before it had been retweeted more than 200 times. A CNN spokeswoman said Magnay has been assigned to Moscow12.

The US condemned the shelling of the UN school in Gaza but restocked Israeli ammunition13. The US is also to send $47M in humanitarian aid to Gaza Strip14. According to a State Department breakdown of the aid, nearly a third of the money — $15 million — will go to the United Nations’ refugee mission in Gaza14.
          For Jewish Israelis, and Palestinians living inside Israel, opposing the war is a dangerous act. With 86 percent of Israelis opposing the ceasefire, the overwhelming public attitude leaves anti-war activists in a precarious position15.
          The historian and social activist Ilan Papé16 and Miko Pelet17, the son of the Israeli general, Mattityahu Peled, are two activists among many outside Israel who consistently express humanitarian views and oppose Israel’s apartheid policies. Professor Noam Chomsky and Dr Kevin Barrett are also trustworthy humanitarian activists.

          We have seen the Zionists’ death-grip on the West’s media, finance and politics4,8,9 and 12. Estimates of the size of the Israeli nuclear arsenal18 vary between 75 and 400 nuclear warheads. Furthermore it is estimated that the Israel nuclear deterrent force has the ability to deliver them by intermediate-range ballistic missile, intercontinental ballistic missile, aircraft, and submarine-launched cruise missile

4 – The PR Wars between Israel and the Arabs

The most famous and visible lobby group is the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC). AIPAC and other lobby groups influence American public policy in a variety of ways such as through education, responding to criticism of Israel, and putting forth arguments in support of Israel. The Israel lobby is known for its success in encouraging U.S. lawmakers to support the policies that it supports19.

Reference [20] lists the many Arab lobbies based in the US that support Arab causes. These lobbies are however funded by Arab countries.

5 - Arab-Israeli Peace projects

"We who have fought against you, the Palestinians, we say to you today, in a loud and a clear voice, enough of blood and tears1a                                                                                                         Yitzhak Rabin

 Tragically the present Israeli leadership does not espouse Rabin’s view that resonates with most world humanists. Moreover we can expect periodic incursions of the IDF into Gaza to mow the lawn, if the present leadership remains in power.

      The Palestinian and Israeli citizens are however too wise to await the coming of another Rabin to lead Israel once more. They know that deep down education is the key to the peaceful coexistence of both peoples and reference [21] lists the many Arab-Israeli Peace projects that promote understanding between all residents of Palestine and reject the outdated and harmful stereotypes about each other.
             Hand in Hand is a network of bilingual (Hebrew-Arabic) schools in which Jewish and Arab children study together21. It was founded in 1997 by two Israelis, one Arab and one Jewish, with the philosophy of breaking negative stereotypes, cultivating mutual respect and understanding, and providing a dynamic example that Jews and Arabs can study, work and live together in peace. 

Two Hand in Hand teachers21

Ala Khatib, a co-principal, said21,"never mind what is going on outside, whether it's bombing in Gaza or if it's suicide bombing in Tel Aviv, you can't stop school. You have to go to school, you have to face the other side, you have to say good morning, and you have to talk."
The historian and social activist Ilan Papé16 and Miko Pelet17, the son of the Israeli general, Mattityahu Peled, are two activists among many outside Israel who consistently express humanitarian views and oppose Israel’s apartheid policies. Professor Noam Chomsky and Dr Kevin Barrett are also trustworthy and eloquent humanitarian activists.

6 - Concluding Remarks
Wise Israeli and Palestinians actively promote education among all citizens of Palestine because they believe that education can transform the minds of people who prefer wars, mistrust and destruction.  The pious hope is that in such a spiritual environment a new Rabin will emerge. 
                I would like to conclude this short contribution by iterating Yitzhak Rabin’s observation, Military cemeteries in every corner of the world are silent testimony to the failure of national leaders to sanctify human life.
I’m sure Rabin provides the inspiration to forward looking Israelis and Palestinians who believe the two peoples can live and prosper in Palestine, the Terra Sancta for Moslems and Jews.

6 - References

1a- Yitzhak Rabin.

Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia
1 – 2014 Israel-Gaza conflict–Gaza_conflict

2 D M Weinberg.  “KNOW COMMENT: Mowing the grass in Gaza – and beyond.” The Jerusalem Post, 13 Aug 2014.
2a - Mariamsabzi on Twitter: You take my water, burn my olive tree ...
2b – Professor Noam Chomsky (Jew): “It is Not a War. It is Murder”!  The 15 Jul 2014. by John Glaser, November 18, 2012, 
3 –Mouin Rabbani. “Israel mows the lawn.” London Review of Books. Vol 36, No15- 31July 2014. P 8-10.
4 - Kevin Barrett. “Child-killing sociopaths of Israel.” 29 Jul 2014.
5 – G Solaker and J Hogg. Reuters. “Turkish PM Erdogan says Israel 'surpasses Hitler in barbarism.' July 20, 2014.”
6 – Laura Carlsen. Aljazeera. “Why Latin American Leaders are standing up to Israel.”
7 – Colum Lynch. “U.N. Chief: Israel Responsible for ‘Reprehensible’ School attack.” The Foreign Policy Group. 30 Jul 2014
8 – Sufi Rahimi.Rihanna criticised for publishing then deleting #FreePalestine tweet.” The Telegraph.  16 Jul 2014.
9 – “Rihanna, One Direction’s Zayn Malik, and Selena Gomez among celebrities to anger fans with political tweets.” July 30, 2014.
10 – V-2 rocket - Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia 
11 - Qassam rocket - Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia .
12 – RT Question More. “CNN boots reporter from Israel-Gaza conflict after 'scum' tweet.” July 18, 2014.
13 – P Lewis and H Sherwood. “US condemns shelling of UN school in Gaza but restocks Israeli ammunition.” 31 Jul 2014
14 – Pamela Geller. Atlas shrugs. “Obama to send $47 million to Gaza jihadists.” July 21, 2014
15 – Dan Cohen. “Israel's Anti-War Activists Feel Increasingly Threatened.” VICE News. August 15, 2014
16 – Ilan Pappé - Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaé  
17 – Miko Pelet.
Miko Peled - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
18 - Nuclear weapons and Israel - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   
19 - Israel lobby in the United States - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia 
20 - Arab lobby in the United States - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
21 - Arab-Israeli peace projects - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia